Đề cương ôn tập học kì I môn Tiếng Anh 8 - Năm học 2018-2019 - Trường THCS Ngô Gia Tự

V) Articles: a, an, and the

1) a: - used before a countable singular noun:

 - Ex: I have a dog.

 - used to mean “any, every”:

 - Ex: A lion lives in the jungle.

2) an: - used instead of a before a noun beginning with a vowel sound:

 - Ex: My brother is an engineer.

3) the: - used before a noun that has already been mentioned or is easily understood:

 - Ex: There is a festival in my village. The festival is very old.

 - used to refer to a noun that is the only, or obvious one of their kind:

 - Ex: The Kinh speak Vietnamese.

 - used before superlative comparison of adjectives and adverbs:

 - Ex: He is the tallest student in my class.

VI) Modal verbs:

1) Should/shouldn’t: is used to express advice:

- Ex: You should respect old people.

2) Have to: is used to express obligation or necessity. It shows external obligation, i.e., someone else makes a decision about what you must do.

VII) Simple and compound sentences:

1) Simple sentences:

S + V/be + .

- Ex: I enjoy playing tennis with my friends every weekend.

2) Compound sentences:

S + V/be + . +, conjunction + S + V/be + .

- Ex: I like spring, but I don’t like the spring rain.

 

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PHÒNG GD&ĐT QUẬN LONG BIÊN TRƯỜNG: THCS NGÔ GIA TỰ ĐỀ CƯƠNG ÔN TẬP HỌC KÌ I MÔN ANH 8 NĂM HỌC 2017– 2018 A. Grammar: I. Tenses: Tenses Form Signs 1. Simple present (+) S+ V / Vs / Ves (-) S + don’t/ doesn’t + V-inf (?) Do/ Does + S + V-inf? Always, often, sometimes, never, usually, every 2. Present progressive (+) S+ be + V-ing (-) S + be + not + V-ing (?) Be + S + V-ing? Now, at the moment, at this time, look !, listen!, be careful ! 3. Near Future (+ ) S + be going to + V-inf + (-) S + be + not + going to + V-inf + ( ?) Be going to + S + V-inf + ? Tomorrow, next, tonight. 4. Simple future (+) S+ will+ V-inf (-) S + Won’t+ V-inf (?) Will + S+ V-inf ? Tomorrow, next, in the future 5. Simple past (+) S+ V II,ed (-) S + didn’t + V-inf (?) Did + S + V-inf? Last, ago, in the past, when, yesterday. 6. Present perfect (+) S + have/ has + V-pp (-) S + have / has + not + V-pp....... (?) Have/ Has + S + V-pp.................? For, since, recently, late, yet, already, just, never, ever. 7. Future continuous (+) S + will + be + V-ing + (-) S + won’t + be + V-ing +.. (?) Will + S + be + V-ing +..? At this time/ at this moment/ + tomorrow/ next. II) Verbs of liking: - The verbs: Love, prefer, like and hate can be used with both gerunds and to-infinitives without much change in meaning. Ex: She loves going out with her friends. = She loves to go out with her friends. - Some verbs are only followed by gerund: enjoy, detest, fancy, mind.... Ex: John enjoys running. III) Comparative forms of adjectives and adverbs: ADJECTIVE ADVERB SHORT S + is/ am/ are + adj –er + than + S’ Eg: Her house is smaller than mine. S + V + adv-er + than + S’ Eg: Hai runs faster than Trung. LONG S + is/ am/are + more + adj + than +S’ Eg: She is more careful than her sister. S + V + more/less + adv + than + S’ Eg: Minh drives more carefully than Phong. Note: Good/ Well Better Bad/ badly Worse Little Less Much/ many More Far Farther/ Further IV) Questions words: Who, what, when, where, how, which. 1) Tobe: Wh+ is/am/are/ was/were + S + ..(complement) ? EX: What are you doing?, where is she?, when were we silent?....... 2) Verbs: Wh+ do/does/did + S + V? EX: Where do you go?, What does she study?, When did they begin?...... 3. Present perfect: Wh + have/has +S + PII? EX: Why has she gone to school?, What had you eaten?........ 4. Modal verbs: ( May, can, must, could, might, ought to.. Wh + modal verbs + S + V? V) Articles: a, an, and the 1) a: - used before a countable singular noun: - Ex: I have a dog. - used to mean “any, every”: - Ex: A lion lives in the jungle. 2) an: - used instead of a before a noun beginning with a vowel sound: - Ex: My brother is an engineer. 3) the: - used before a noun that has already been mentioned or is easily understood: - Ex: There is a festival in my village. The festival is very old. - used to refer to a noun that is the only, or obvious one of their kind: - Ex: The Kinh speak Vietnamese. - used before superlative comparison of adjectives and adverbs: - Ex: He is the tallest student in my class. VI) Modal verbs: Should/shouldn’t: is used to express advice: Ex: You should respect old people. Have to: is used to express obligation or necessity. It shows external obligation, i.e., someone else makes a decision about what you must do. VII) Simple and compound sentences: Simple sentences: S + V/be +... - Ex: I enjoy playing tennis with my friends every weekend. 2) Compound sentences: S + V/be +. +, conjunction + S + V/be +.. - Ex: I like spring, but I don’t like the spring rain. VIII) Complex sentences: A complex sentence includes one independent clause, and one (or more) dependent clause. The dependent clause can go before or after the independent clause. If the dependent clause goes before the independent clause, it is followed by a comma (,). Ex: While the elephants are racing, people cheer to encourage them. dependent clause independent clause If the independent clause goes before the dependent clause, there is no comma. Ex: People cheer to encourage the elephants while they are racing. 2) A dependent clause begins with a subordinator such as: When, while, because, although/eventhough, or if. B. Phonetics: I) Pronunciation: - Clusters: /br/ and /pr/; /bl/ and /cl/; /sk/, /sp/ and /st/; /spr/ and /str/ II) Stress: - Stress of words ending in – ion and – ian. Ngày 24/11/2017 Nhóm giáo viên Anh 8 Nhóm trưởng Trần Minh Xuân Tổ trưởng chuyên môn Nguyễn Thu Phương Ban Giám Hiệu Phó Hiệu Trưởng Nguyễn Thị Song Đăng C) Exercises: I) Choose the word that is stressed differently from that of the other words. 1. A. cloudy B. unique C. harmful D. slowly 2. A. objection B. competition C. reduction D. appearance 3. A. populated B. activity C. experience D. minorities 4. A. superstitious B. recommendation C. malnutrition D. prohibition 5. A. socialization B. comparison C. communication D. organization 6. A. enjoy B. behave C. worship D. belong 7. A. opinion B. maintenance C. pollution D. exhaustion 8. A. librarian B. physician C. Indonesian D. Brazilian 9. A. blackberry B. heritage C. museum D. decorate 10. A. technician B. mathematician C. explosion D. consumption 11. A. recreation B. application C. congratulation D. education 12. A. vegetarian B. historian C. musician D. magician 13. A. location B. foundation C. performance D. organization 14. A. alternate B. cultivate C. entertain D. symbolize 15. A. coordination B. depression C. erection D. donation 16. A. contribution B. recognition C. animation D. attention 17. A. politician B. civilian C. grammarian D. shakespearean 18. A. concentration B. conversation C. composition D. consideration II) Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others 19. A. cinema B. novel C. princess D. comedy 20. A. hat B. cake C. bracelet D. cake 21. A. paragraph B. enough C. although D. laugh 22. A. fun B. cut C. surf D. sun 23. A. leisure B. penalty C. celebrate D. eight III) Choose the best answer to fill in the blank. 24. The five-fruit tray on the altar symbolizes the gratitude of the Vietnamese to their ancestors; ________ ,it demonstrates their hope for a life of plenty. A. therefore B. however C. moreover D. and 25. I think the Kate Festival is a really joyful festival which ________ many activities. A. holds B. contains C. includes in D. features 26. I think An Tiem was very ________ to carve the island's name and his own name on the water melon and threw them into the sea. A. wise B. fierce C. generous D. mean 27. The ________ king kept all the rice to himself when his people had no food. He was very ________. A. selfish - wise B. generous - cruel C. generous - cunning D. selfish - cruel 28. The elder brother was ________ when he gave his brother only a starfruit free. A. generous B. mean C. lazy D. clever 29. Lucky money it put in red envelopes, ________ the red envelopes symbolize luck and wealth. A. so B. and C. yet D. because 30. ________ the head of the household cleans the dust and ashes from the altars, children are in charge of sweeping and scrubbing the floor. A. While B. Because C. Although D. When 31. It is the ________ for Australians to eat with their fishers at barbecues or picnics outside the home. A. tradition B. belief C. habit D. custom 32. ________ different regions and religions have a verity in marital arrangements, the arranged marriage is a traditional feature every community. A. Although B. When C. Because D. While 33. ________ the yellow apricot blossoms are more adaptable to the hot weather of southern regions, the pink peach blossoms match well with the dry, cold weather from the North. A. If B. Although C. While D. When 34. Always take your shoes off before you enter a temple in India, ________ you will be considered impolite. A. however B. moreover C. otherwise D. therefore 35. The Vietnamese are influenced by Buddhist theology and Confucian philosophy, ________ they believe in fate in marriage. A. but B. so C. yet D. and 36. You shouldn't ________ your promise to the children. A. save B. cut C. keep D. break 37. Giant eagles and waves were very ________ during Captain Sinbad's voyages. A. generous B. wise C. fierce D. ugly 38. You ________ address a person older than you as Mrs., Miss, Ms. or Mr. until the person allows you to use her or his first name. A. don't have to B. shouldn't C. could D. should 39. In Viet Nam, the ________ we mostly use is chopsticks. A. cutting B. cutlery C. cut D. cutlet 40. ________ tips are not given in fast food shops, tipping is the usual custom in expensive restaurants in England. A. Even B. Although C. Moreover D. However 41. “Giao Thua” is the most sacred time of the year; ________ ,the first houseguest to offer the first greeting is very important. A. so B. nevertheless C. moreover D. therefore 42. The Mountain Spirit (Son Tinh) was very ________ ,but the Sea Spirit (Thuy Tinh) was ________. A. fierce - gentle B. gentle - fierce C. gentle - wise D. wicked - ugly 43. ________ you take the fruit, you should think of the grower. A. However B. When C. While D. Although 44. The Little Mermaid was so ________ that she didn't kill the prince with the knife. A. clever B. brave C. generous D. pretty 45. The Hung King Temple Festival ________ from the 8th to the 11th day of the third lunar month in Phu Tho. A. takes B. takes part C. takes place D. takes turn 46. During the Buddhist Festival, visitors join the procession and make offerings to ________ Buddha at the pagoda. A. worship B. believe C. consider D. think about 47. The magician had a brother, who was even more ________ ,and he wanted to kill Aladdin. A. mean B. fierce C. ugly D. wicked 48. Seven days before Tet, each Vietnamese family offers a farewell ceremony for “Ong Tao” (the Kitchen Gods) to go up to Heaven Palace, ________ his task is to make an annual report to the Jade Emperor of the family's affairs throughout the year. A. and B. but C. so D. yet 49. The Crow was so ________ that he painted the Peacock's feathers with bright and beautiful colours. A. brave B. pretty C. clever D. beautiful III) Complete each of the sentences with the correct form of the words in the box. Broccoli broken prize bring prepositions pretty brown break bread practice 50. We will be out all day so ________ some sandwiches with us. 51. Would you like some ________ and butter? 52. He was awarded second ________ for his painting. 53. They worked all day without a ________ . 54. ‘In', ‘for', ‘to', ‘out of are all ________. 55. Both their parents have dark ________ hair. 56. You need plenty of ________ when you want to play a musical instrument. 57. ________ is a plant with green flower-heads eaten as a vegetable. 58. Mai looks really ________ in that dress, doesn't she? 59. Watch out! There's ________ glass on the floor. IV) Give the correct form of the words in the brackets in each of the following sentences. 60. Terraced rice fields in Sa Pa are slopes claimed for ________ cultivation in hilly or areas. (mountain) 61. The film about my village town is ________ than the book. (interesting) 62. It is a/an ________ place to hold a picnic because it is too far from the road. (conveniences) 63. For the Muong, rice is also the main ________ crop. (agriculture) 64. Blue whales are ________ elephant. (heavy) 65. Tea is ________ coffee. (cheap) 66. I will have to try a bit ________ than this. (hard) 67. They boys were playing the game ________ than the girls. (noisy) 68. The Muong call their ________ calendar “Sach doi”, which is made from 12 bamboo sticks that represent the 12 months, (tradition) 69. There is a ________ of books on the shelf. (collect) 70. Having to wait for ten minutes was a minor ________ . (convenient) 71. Please give ________ to that charity to help the homeless after the flood. (generous) 72. He is very ________ with his hands. (skill) 73. Iceland is considered the most ________ country in the world. (peace) 74. The Mekong River is ________ the Red River. (long) 75. The hall was lighted ________ than the corridors. (bright) 76. We want ________ relations with all countries. (friend) 77. My new bed is ________ my old bed. (comfortable) 78. Some region Central Highlands in Viet Nam are not ________ . (populate) 79. Do you think English is ________ French in grammar? (easy) 80. Some of the ________ have lived here all their lives. (village) 81. It is said that water collected from the local streams is ________ to drink. (safe) 82. The ethnic minority groups in Viet Nam have been living in ________ co-existence. (peace) 83. Local people in the village often wear their ________ costumes during the festival. (tradition) 84. A tractor can plough ________ than a buffalo or a horse. (good) 85. Drinking water in some areas may be ________ (safe) 86. My brother has been a stamp ________ for several years. (collect) 87. A tractor is ________ a buffalo. (powerful) 88. The baby slept very ________ because the bed was really comfortable. (sound) 89. Viet Nam is a country of tremendous ________ with 54 ethnic groups. (diverse) 90. All of us can realize the ________ atmosphere in the countryside life. (peace) 91. It is very ________ for people in remote areas to get to hospitals. (convenience) 92. Our family ha lived ________ in the country than in the town since last year. (happy) 93. A ________ lifestyle has its advantages and disadvantages. (nomad) 94. Encouraging children to eat and drink ________ is very important. (health) 95. Time goes by ________ when we are busy. (quick) 96. The countryside is ________ the town. (beautiful) 97. This task can be completed ________ than that one. (easy) 98. The new harvest machine is ________ then the old one. (effective) 99. My sister is ________ me. (tall) 100. It usually rains ________in Central Viet Nam than in other regions. (heavy) 101. I like to eat ________, so I eat a lot of fruits and vegetables every day. (health) 102. He spoke ________ about the life in the countryside in Viet Nam. (optimistic) V) Read the passage and decide which answer A, B, C or D best fits each space The country and the city have advantages and (83)________. People in the country beautiful surroundings. They enjoy (84)________ and quietness, and can do their work at their (85)________pace because no one is in a (86)________. They live in larger, more comfortable houses, and their neighbors are more friendly, and really to help them (87)________ they need it. Their life, however, can be (88)________ and they may be isolated, which is a serious problem (89)________ they are ill or want to take children to school. The city ha all the services that the country, but it (90)________ has a lot of disadvantages. Cities are often polluted. They not (91)________ have polluted air but also have noisy streets. Everyone is always in a hurry and this (92)________that people have no time to get to know each and make friends. 83 A. disadvantages B. joy C. enjoyment D. happiness 84 A. quietly B. peace C. quiet D. peaceful 85 A. less B. one C. only D. just 86 A. hurried B. hurriedly C. hurry D. hurrying 87 A. that B. when C. which D. what 88 A. boring B. bore C. bores D. bored 89 A. although B. unless C. if D. because 90 A. already B. so C. also D. yet 91 A. hardly B. never C. only D. ever 92 A. aims B. said C. means D. asks VI) Read the passage and decide which answer A, B, C or D best fits each space The Muong (93)________ ethnic roots with the Vietnamese people and their language is classified in the Vietnamese-Muong language branch. The Muong live in (94)________ areas which have abundant land for (95)________wet rice. In a Muong hamlet, stilt houses are located in the shade of big trees, huddle against the mountain, and (96)________ out on vast rice fields. A Muong house is designed to maximize convenient use and air ventilation to counter the warm, humid mountain climate. The Muong's (97)________ is special. Men often wear a round-neck shirt which opens in the front and has two pockets. Their pants have large trouser legs. The Muong women wear a long, black dress and a white or brown shirt with a line of buttons in the front and long sleeves. They wind a white or indigo headscarf (98)________ their head. The Muong have (99)________ folk arts including folk songs and poems. Sorcerer's worshiping songs. Tables, and riddle songs. The gong is (100)________ popular musical instrument (101)________the flute, the (102)________ violin, and the panpie. 93 A. cut B. share C. have D. divide 94 A. hill B. mountainous C. mount D. mountain 95 A. growing B. raising C. harvesting D. putting 96 A. see B. watch C. stare D. look 97 A. costume B. material C. costumes D. cloth 98 A. out B. above C. at D. around 99 A. diverse B. variety C. range D. diversity 100 A. the more B. more C. most D. the most 101 A. as well B. along C. together D. along with 102 A. two-string B. two string C. second-string D. two strings VII) Read the passage and decide which answer A, B, C or D best fits each space Communal House (Rong House) The Rong House can only be (103)________ in villages to the north of the Central Highlands, especially in Gia Lai and Kon Tum provinces. It is a large, imposing, beautifully decorated stilt house built (104)________ the middle of the village. It is where community activities (105)________, meetings, wedding ceremonies, or praying ceremonies. It is also the place for reception of guests. The Rong House of each ethnic group has its own architectural style, design, and decor. Yet there shared (106)________. In the village, it is often (107)________ house roofed with patterns of bright colours, depicting big wood columns. The most distinction of the décor of the Rong House is the (108)________ of the brilliant God of Sun. the Rong house is a (109)________ of the culture of Central Highlander, an age-old and stable culture. The bigger the house, the wealthier the village is. It is a (110)________ of the whole village. 103 A. found B. finding C. to find D. find 104 A. in B. at C. on D. under 105 A. take on B. take place C. occurs D. happens 106 A. cultures B. features C. customs D. designs 107 A. a biggers B. a big C. biggest D. the biggest 108 A. photo B. image C. portrait D. painting 109 A. signal B. sign C. symbol D. scene 110 A. design B. reset C. pride D. proud VIII) Read the following text and choose the best answer for the questions below. How Nam has improved his English. In the first year of lower secondary school, I had some difficulties in learning English. My English pronunciation was really bad and my English grammar was worse. I did not know how to improve them. I didn't want my father and mother to know about this. One afternoon after the lesson, my teacher of English told me to wait for her outside the classroom. She took me to the school library and showed me tapes of pronunciation drills kept in a glass bookcase. She also told me how to use an English- English dictionary to improve my English grammar. "Now I think you know what you should do" she said. I made much progress and only one year later, I won the first prize in the English Speaking Contest held for secondary school students in my hometown. 111. What difficulties did Nam have in learning English in the first year? A. The grammar B. Both pronunciation and grammar C. The pronunciation D. The way of improving his pronunciation 112. Who wanted to meet him one afternoon after the lesson? A. His father B. His mother C. One of his friends D. His teacher 113. Where did Nam and his teacher go after that? A. to the school library B. to the teachers' room C. to the town library D. to his house 114. What did the teacher show him then? A. An English Grammar book B. An English-English dictionary C. A glass bookcase D. Cassettes of pronunciation drills 115. What did he win in the English Speaking Contest one year later? A. The fourth prize B. The second prize C. The third prize D. The first prize IX) Read the following text and choose the best answer for the questions below. Living in the country is something that people from the city often dream about. However, in reality, it has both advantages and disadvantages. There are certainly many advantages to living in the country. First, you can enjoy peace and quietness. Moreover, people tend to be friendlier. A further advantage is that there is less trafic, so it is safer for young children. However, there are certain disadvantages or drawbacks to life outside the city. First, because there are fewer people, you are likely to have few friend. In addition, entertainment is difficult to find, particularly in the evening. Futhermore, the fact that there are fewer shops and services means that it is hard to find jobs. In short, it can be seen that the country is more suitable for some people than othars. On the whole, it is often the best for those who are retired or who have young children. In contrast, young people who have a career are better provided in the city. 116. Accoding to the passage, living in the country has ________ . A. both good and bad points B. only good points C. no disasvantages D. only bad points 117. How many advantages does living in the country have? A. Two B. No C. Four D. Three 118. Living in the country is safer for young children because ________ . A. there is less traffic B. there are few shops C. threr are few services D. there are fewer people 119. Which of the following statement is NOT true according to the passage? A. The country is only suitable for retired people. B. There are fewer shops and services in the country. C. People in the country tenf to be friendlier than people in the city. D. It's hard to find entertainment in the country. 120. Having few friend is ________ . A. the only disadvantage to living in the country B. The country is only suitable for retired people. C. one of certain advantage to life outside the city D. one of certain drawbacks to life outside the city X) Choose true, false or no information. So Strange! People have strange hobbies Mr. and Mrs. Ball live in Oxford. They collect garden gnomes. They have 225 in their garden! The gnomes are all different colours and come from different countries. Today, Mr. and Mrs. Ball are preparing a big garden party for their gnomes. They are putting lanterns on the trees and decorating the garden with colourful balloons. "We're writing 225 invitations and we are putting up little tables and chairs for the gnomes," Mrs. Ball says. "It's a lot of work, but it's fun." Note: - (garden) gnome (n) = tượng thần lùn giữ của 121. Mr. and Mrs. Ball come from England A. False B. True 122. They collect garden plants. A. True B. False 123. There are a lot of gnomes in Mr. and Mrs. Ball's garden A. True B. False 124. The gnomes are all from the UK A. True B. False 125. The gnomes are not very colourful A. True B. False 126. Mr. and Mrs. Ball have had a party A. True B. False 127. Mr. and Mrs. Ball will invite all their gnomes to the party A. False B. True 128. Mr. and Mrs. Ball hope that the party will be enjoyable A. False B. True XI) Read the following passage, and then answer the questions In the 1970s, skateboarding suddenly became very popular. At first, skateboarders moved slowly on flat, smooth areas. Then they began to ride quickly. This is called ‘freestyle' skateboarding. Soon they were skateboarding skillfully up ramps and doing tricks in the air. This is called ‘ramp' skateboarding. Then they started skateboarding and doing tricks on the street. This was ‘street-style' skateboarding - a combination of freestyle and ramp. For this, the skateboarders needed protective clothing such as knee and elbow pads and helmets. This allowed them to skateboard safely. Today skateboarding is still a very popular sport, and there are lots of competitions. Note: skateboarding (n) = môn trượt ván 129. When did skateboarding become very popular? _ __ 130. What are the three styles of skateboarding? _ __ 131. What was ‘street-style' skateboarding? _ __ 132. Why do ‘street-style' skateboarders need protective clothing? _ __ 133. Do you think skateboarding is a very popular sport now? Why or why not? _ __ XII) Read the fo

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