Bài giảng Tiếng Anh 6 - Unit 8: Sports and games - Lesson 3: A closer look 2

3. Habitual or repeated actions in the past, often goes with Adverbs of frequency (always, usually, often, sometimes, seldom, never).

I always went to the beach when I lived in Nha Trang 5 years ago.

 

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Unit 8. Sports and gamesLesson 3. A closer look 2GrammarTHE PAST SIMPLEMinh went to school yesterday.Peter didn’t do his homework last night.Did you tell him about the picnic?wentdidn’t doDid you tella) TO BE (WAS / WERE )+I / He /She / It was at school yesterday.We / You / They were-I / He/She / It was not (wasn’t) at the beach last week.We / You / They were not (weren’t)?WasI / he / she / ithungry?Werewe / you / theyYes, he wasNo, he wasn’tYes, they wereNo, they weren’tI. FORMATION: b) ORDINARY VERBSS + Regular VERB (-ed)+ . Irregular VERB (II)He went to school yesterday.They worked in the garden yesterday.Ex: I bought a new pair of shoes last night.* Affirmative: Work – worked – workedGo – went – goneBuy – bought – boughtS + Did + NOT+ Verb(in simple form)+ O / Cdidn’tHe didn’t go to school yesterday.They didn’t work in the garden yesterday.Ex: I didn’t buy a new pair of shoes last night.* Negative: b) ORDINARY VERBSDid he go to school yesterday?Did they work in the garden yesterday?Ex: Did you buy a new pair of shoes last night?* Interrogative: (Wh-)Did +S +Verb(in simple form)+ O / C ...?b) ORDINARY VERBSWhat did you buy last night?Did he go to school yesterday?Ex: No, he didn’t.No, he didn’t go to school yesterday.* Interrogative: Answer: Yes, he did.Yes, he went to school yesterday.b) ORDINARY VERBS(Wh-)Did +S +Verb(in simple form)+ O / C ...?SUMMARY: S +DID +NOT+ Verb(in simple form)+ O / Cdidn’tS + Regular VERB (-ed)+ O / C Irregular VERB (II)Affirmative:Negative:Interrogative:ORDINARY VERBSII. USESWE USE SİMPLE PAST TENSE TO TALK ABOUT1. Completed actions in the past.My mom made some pancakes for us yesterday.2. A series of completed actions in the past.Yesterday I finished my work, walked to the beach, and found a nice place to swim.I always went to the beach when I lived in Nha Trang 5 years ago.II. USESWE USE SİMPLE PAST TENSE TO TALK ABOUT3. Habitual or repeated actions in the past, often goes with Adverbs of frequency (always, usually, often, sometimes, seldom, never).* Markers: (Dấu hiệu nhận biết thì quá khứ đơn)YesterdayLast (night / week / month / year / Christmas / Sunday / )AgoIn + past year (in 2010)In the pastSince + S + V (since I was young)When / while + Short actions in the past (When I saw him, he was eating an apple)RULES FOR ADDING –ed:Add –ed to most verbsDrop the “e” and add “ed” to verbs that end with “mute -e” (smile = smiled). Change the “y” to “i” and add –ed to verbs that end with a consonant and “y” (vowel) (carry = carried, study = studied).Double the consonant and add –ed to verbs that end with one vowel and one consonant ( drag= dragged, stop= stopped).Be careful with verbs like Mix, Fix  Fixed.The ways to pronounce _ed at the end of ordinary verbsCách đọcÂm cuốiVí dụ/ ɪd /(nguyên tắc riêng 1)d, t(đạn tịt)visited, needed, mended, wanted/ t /(nguyên tắc riêng 2)k, x, s, p, ch, sh, f[khi xuống sông phải coi chừng cô ấy (she) té (falls)]looked, faxed, passed, stopped, watched, washed, laughed/ d /(nguyên tắc chung)(các âm còn lại ngoài 2 nguyên tắc riêng dưới đây)answered, played, begged, allowed1. Complete the sentences with did, was, or were.1. The 2012 Olympic Games ____ held in London.2. - Who _______ the first man on the Moon?- Neil Armstrong.3. - I _____ at the gym last Sunday, but I ______ not see you there.- No, I _____ at my aunt’s house.4. - _____ you climb Mount Fansipan when you _____ in Sapa?- Yes, I ____. It ____ tiring, but very interesting.waswaswasdidwasDidweredidwas2. Write the correct form of the verbs to complete the conversation.Nick: Hi there.Sonny: Hello, Nick. Did you have a nice weekend?Nick: Yeah, it (1. be) ____ OK. I (2. not do) _______ much. I just (3. sit) ____ at home and (4. watch) ________ TV. On Saturday afternoon, I (5. go) ______ fishing with my dad. How about you?Sonny: Oh, I (6. have) ______ a good weekend.Nick: Really? What (7. do) ______ you do?Sonny: I (8. visit) _______ the museum with my family. Then we (9. eat) ___ at my favourite restaurant.Nick: Did you watch football on Sunday?Sonny: Oh, yeah. The player (10. score) ________ a fantastic goal.wasdidn’t dosatwatchedwenthaddidvisitedatescored3. Work in groups. Ask and answer questions about last weekend.Now let’s make a survey to find out what the members in your group did last weekend, then I’ll call some of you to report your survey.Examples:A: Did you do any sport last weekend?B: Oh yes, and I was exhausted.A: Really? What did you do?Then make a table like this to take notes.Name Yesterday’s activities1. Le Van TeoStayed at homeDid the homeworkHelped mum with cookingPlayed chess.2. 3. Model report: I ask Le Van Teo what he did last weekend. He told me that he stayed at home. He did his homework, helped his mum with cooking and played chess with his brother.Example:We use imperatives to tell someone to do something, or to give a direct order.IMPERATIVES (thể mệnh lệnh)It’s chewing gum.Chew it.Don’t swallow it.a) Formation:(+) Verb + (Object / Complement).(-) Don’t + Verb + (Object / Complement).b) Usage:It’s chewing gum.Chew it.Don’t swallow it.4. Write sentences to tell your friends what to do or not to do.1. It’s raining. _____ your umbrella.2. Please _____ _______.3. It’s late now. Please____ up.4. Exercising is good but _________ too hard.5. It’s cold. ______ on your coat.Takedon’tlittergetdon’t trainput5. Tell your friends what to do and what not to do at the gym.Examples: - Change your clothes.- Don’t talk loudly.Pay your fee first.Put on your trainers/ sports shoes.Listen to the instructor carefully.Don‛t litter.Don‛t eat or drink at the gym.Some possible sentences:Yes, through the lesson we can now know when to use the Past Simple, when to Imperatives to make orders or rules.Please tell me what you have learnt today. + HOMEWORK - Revise the grammatical points: + The Past Simple.+ Imperatives.- Do exercise B1–7 (pages 10,11,12) in workbook- Prepare for Unit 8: COMMUNICATION.Goodbye!See you again!THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION!

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